Is globalisation a good development? Nowadays, there are a lot of influences from other countries noticeable in our lives. We can walk into stores founded in the United States or any other possible country. We couldn’t imagine living without having access to famous worldwide brands, stores, food, music and beliefs, which have enriched us through globalisation. Globalisation, defined by people like us, is a very nice thing… unfortunately this doesn’t affect two thirds of the population of this world. l Searching for a single definition of the word is a hopeless task.
As a concept, globalisation does not evoke a single image, but an imagery of disparate meanings. Most people view globalisation as an absence of borders and barriers to trade between nations, not only in concrete products but also in culture and beliefs. On economical, political and cultural aspects there are some who see globalisation as a highly positive force leading to economic liberalism, political democracy and cultural universalism. However, there are also snags attached to it, which will in all probability make you look at this subject differently.
Countries can concentrate on products and services, suited to their climate and the presence of commodity, due to globalisation. This is conducive to the consumers, who have the best and cheapest products imaginary at one’s disposal. However, these products may function well but they most certainly are produced by labourers who are mistreated and live underneath the poverty line of 1 dollar a day. These labourers don’t get the chance to start a business on their own because the multinationals dominate the entire economy.
Therefore little factories in the ountryside, which make relatively expensive products, don’t stand a chance against the multinationals. These labourers make very little money and end up working for a multinational or another big company. With the money they make by selling intermediate goods, they can’t even afford to buy the finished product. So the real value of their money has declined. Just because we want to spend as little money as possible, our products have to travel around the entire world, hailing from low-wage countries, before they finally reach our supermarkets, drugstores and other shops.
Our sources with fossil fuels are beginning to grow empty and air will be polluted by gasses after they are released into the air. This will cause even more environmental problems like deforestation, the growing of the ozone hole, the melting of ice caps and therefore disappearance of animals and humans living space. Because every type of information and goods are spread all around the world, for example via the Internet, we are gradually creating cultural universalism. It would be a pity to lose all the great cultures, even the smallest ones, of which we didn’t even now their existence.
If we continue this globalisation, the population of the world will become more or less the same. We will have similar tastes in music and fashion, we will all communicate in the same language and we will all have the same interests. Just because there will only be one of each left. I think we need to treasure all cultures and differences before we lose them. They way we are trying to set the problems globalisation provoked to rights, is not always as helpful as we think it is.
As an example: an organisation like OXFAM NOVIB ill give a family in Africa mosquito nets to prevent them from being bit by a malaria mosquito. Therefore, this family won’t buy these nets from the local shops anymore and these shops have to close their doors and end up having no income at all to take care of their family. Of course there are also positive effects caused by local development assistance. When a family has been given a cow or a goat, they could sell the milk or cheese, they acquired from these animals. However, this is not always the case.
So we’re still searching for solutions to solve the problems we created hrough globalisation. Therefore we shouldn’t create more. In spite of the advantages of globalisation, I think the disadvantages of globalisation weigh more than the benefits. We have to do Justice to all the people in the less developed countries. The poverty and exploitation of people affect their lives and go by us unnoticed, but the environmental and cultural problems affect us all. We have to form the effects of globalisation a certain way in which the less fortunate people can profit from the benefits Just like we do.