The Mexican American War Ramon Sanchez History M04 T/Th 1 October 8, 2013 The Mexican American War (1846-1848) defined how both the United States and Mexico look on a map today. This war, even though not really talked about nor is a popular war, made it possible for a lot of us living in the southwest of the United States today to be part of this country instead of being part of what would have been Mexico. The Mexican American War has so many important events but I will only talk about three key subjects of this war. First I will address the Republic of Texas and ow it was involved in the Mexican American War.
Secondly, I will talk about the origins of the war to describe how it came about and the causes of it. Lastly, is the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, which was how the dispute was settled at the end of the war. President of the United States from 1845-1849, James K. Polk once said “Our nation is a confederation of independent states, whose policy is peace with each other and all the world. To enlarge its limits is to extend the dominions of peace over additional territories and increasing millions” [Wheelan:4:2007]. Polk was very interested in the nnexation of Texas which was a huge reason why he was elected president in the first place.
The United States and its citizens wanted Texas to be part of the nation ever since the Texas Revolution after Texas when Texas separated itself from Mexico making thus becoming the Republic of Texas on April 21, 1836. Now that Texas was on its own it meant new opportunities, meaning more chances and hope. This led to a massive immigration movement to the Republic of Texas, pushing its population from 50,000 in 1836 to 125,000 by 1845. The United States was very interested in making Texas part of their country. Mexico was still very interested in getting Texas back and they were determined but Texas wanted nothing to do witn Mexico.
Despite the clear and direct warning that Mexico gave the United States about the annexation of Texas, the United States still pushed forward trying to make it happen, Texas also was interested in becoming part of the union. The Washington Union mocked Mexico saying, “If she [Mexico] now persists in carrying into effect her absurd threats of war… she will exhaust what remains of disposition on our part to deal generously with her” [Nevin:14:1978]. It as President John Tyler who pushed and pushed and wanted to make it his legacy at annexating Texas but wasn’t successful.
Four days before Polk’s inauguration, congress approved the Joint resolution to invite Texas to Join the United States and Tyler singed the resolution, leaving Polk the tricky Job of carrying it out. On June 18, 1845, the Texas congress accepted the U. S. annexation proposal and scheduled a ratification convention in Austin on the 4th of July and almost as an afterthought, the United States congress rejected Mexico’s peace proposal recognizing Texas’s sovereignty. Polk then said “our land and Naval forces are in a position ready to protect and defend her [Texas].
I do not however anticipate that Mexico will be mad enough to declare war” [Wheelan:59:2007]. Then to ensure Mexico did not, he sent a three-thousand-man U. S. force to Texas’s frontier with Mexico. Mexico saw these actions as a punch to the face and angrily, Mexico also started raising troops. An annexation opponent by the name of John Quincy Adams then said “l have opposed it for ten long years, firmly believing it tainted with two great crimes: one, the leprous contamination of slavery; and two, robbery of Mexico… [Wheelan:60:2007].